Fall Harvest Farm Safety
Fall Harvest Farm Safety
By: Brenda Miller, University of Minnesota Extension-Todd County
Now that harvest season is upon us, it is important to remind ourselves to be safe when operating equipment. Accidents can happen in less than a blink of an eye and can have devastating outcomes. Here are 10 things to keep in mind as you go through this harvest season.
1. Do not expose children to hazards. Teach them farm safety at a young age. Children watch everything you do. If you put yourself in a potentially hazardous situation then they will think it is ok, mimic you and bad things will happen. Explain to a child the importance of WHY and HOW they should or should not act around machinery or other farm hazards. If you teach them right when they’re young, it will stick with them for the rest of their lives.
2. One seat, one rider. If a piece of equipment only has one seat, the driver’s seat, then the driver should be the only one on that piece of machinery. The only exception to this rule is if a tractor or combine has a buddy seat that is meant for an additional rider. Children love to go for rides but be strict and say NO if there is only one seat. Tough love keeps your kids safe.
3. Always tell someone where you are going. If you are going to go disk “the back 40” then let someone know where you will be, should something happen or just to check in to make sure you’re ok. If you move to a different field, update them on your status. Cell phones and 2 way radios are fabulous communication tools.
4. Don’t take “shortcuts”. They WILL come back to haunt you. Jumping across a moving PTO or trying to unclog the chopper while it is running are probably not the best ideas if you’d like to keep your limbs. Take the extra few seconds to shut off moving parts or engines.
5. Be aware of your surroundings. Know where children or workers are before moving machinery. Know where field approaches, tile inlets, trees, barns, sheds, vehicles, drainage ditches, and buffer strips are located and make sure your help knows too. Having to replace machinery parts or fix tile inlets are never a cheap or fun task. Also, don’t text and drive!
6. Eat. Drink. Sleep. Fatigue will sneak up on you and pretty soon you’ll be sleeping behind the wheel. Take a 20 minute nap when the sleep monsters start crawling all over you. Keep a jug of water with you in the tractor to stay hydrated and wash your hands if needed. Have someone bring you lunch or supper and keep a few healthy snacks (apples, granola bars, etc) on hand to boost your energy. And, just get out of the tractor once in a while to get a breath of fresh air!
7. Don’t wear loose clothing or strings. Too often you hear about a farmer getting caught in an auger or PTO because their sweatshirt strings got too close or their pant legs got caught in the gears. Take the sweatshirt or jacket off or remove hood strings before working in these conditions. Cut the fringes off pants and repair holes to reduce chances.
8. Shut off PTOs & engine before working on moving parts. ‘Nuff said if you want to keep your fingers, arms, legs, and other important body parts.
9. Use your lights and flashers. Many road drivers don’t heed to farm machinery as they should so be proactive and make sure they can at least see your lights. If you have machinery that has poor or no lights, only move it on roads during daylight hours and have someone follow behind you in a vehicle with their flashers on.
10. Wear a dust mask & do not enter grain handling facilities that are being loaded or unloaded. Every year we hear about farmers getting trapped in grain bins. This is a big no, no. Grain is not safe to walk across, especially when it is in a bin and twenty feet deep. If you absolutely have to enter a grain bin, wear a safety harness and have another person or two nearby should the situation go bad. Also, grain gets dusty sometimes, wear protection, your lungs and airways will thank you.
Farmers, stay safe out there in the fields and on the roads. Happy Harvest 2016!